Useful Panamax Bulk Carrier Blog

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Useful Panamax Bulk Carrier Blog

#1 Beitrag von FrankJScott »

The General Purpose and Use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers

The operations of seagoing bulk carriers was fraught with dangers. A careful planning process and taking precautions for all shipping-related issues is essential . This site is designed to serve as a reference for international shipping communities. It provides details and guidance on loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The site must remain within the limits that are set by the classification society. It is important to minimize the risk of stressing the ship's structures and comply with all safety guidelines to ensure the safety of sea travel. The detail pages on our website cover various bulk carrier-related topics which could be beneficial to those working onboard and those working on shore at the terminal.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are vessels with a single deck that are fitted with top-side tanks and side tanks. They are designed to handle bulk cargo that is a single commodity. Bulk cargo that is solid refers to any kind of material other than liquid or gas composed of granules, particles, or any larger piece of materialthat is usually similar in composition. It is directly loaded into the cargo spaces of a ship without immediate containment. These dry cargoes can include bulk grains, sugar and ores. The broadest definition of the word bulk carrier, any ship built to carry bulk goods (solid or liquid) in bulk are considered bulk carriers. Tankers are also included under this category. The term is used primarily for ships that transport bulk solid cargoes. This could include grains and other agricultural commodities. Check out this dry cargo chartering specialist for more.

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What Exactly Is A Bulk Carrier? The Following Are The Main Features Of Bulk Carriers:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying capacities range from 3,000 to 300,000.
Average speed of 12 to 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers with medium to small size bulk (carrying capacities between 40,000 and 60,000 tonnes) typically have equipment for handling cargo. However larger vessels may use facilities on shore to load or unload.
The cargo holdings are usually huge and clear of obstacles. There are bigger hatch sizes so that cargoes can be easily loaded and unloaded.
The bulk carriers typically have one cargo space dedicated to ballast. This can be used to increase stability during ballast voyages. Two or three additional holds are possible for ballasting partial in ports, but only
They have single pull either stacking or hydraulic steel hatch covers.
-Four types or ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom of wing slopes downwards tanks
Double bottom tanks
Peak and after peak ballast water tank.

What is solid bulk cargo? Solid bulk cargo means any material other than gases or liquids that is made up of particles, grains, or larger pieces that can be loaded directly into the cargo area without additional container. The cargoes carried by bulk carriers, ranging from "clean" food items to "dirty" minerals, and including those that could react with each other or with other sources of contamination, such as water, mean that care must be taken to ensure that the cargo areas are prepared properly for the specific item that is to be loaded. The cargo area needs to be cleaned in a manner that permits loading. Surveyors are often required to inspect the space to ensure that it is safe to load. It is crucial that any residues of a previous cargo be removed to make sure that contamination doesn't occur. Bulk cargo damage is mostly caused by water. To stop water from entering hatch covers should be watertight. All fittings in the storage area (ladders and pipes guards, bilge covers and so on.) should be inspected. All fittings within the hold (pipe guards, bilge covers.) should be inspected to ensure that they are in proper condition and securely secured. These pieces of equipment can cause damages to conveyor belts and cause delays. The ship may be held responsible if these items were discharged accidentally with cargo. Click over to this dry bulk carrier specialist for more.

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Bulk Carrier and Bulker A vessel that is designed to transport dry cargo, loaded into the vessel without any containment beyond the ship,s boundaries in contrast to the bulk carrier that is liquid or tanker. Traditional bulk carriers are built using a single-deck and a single skin. They also have a double bottom and the hopper side tank. Topside tanks in cargo spaces are also available. Bulk carriers are made to hold the maximum deadweight for any type of bulk cargo including heavy ore and lighter grain . It's not as simple or straightforward as you might think.

Carrier for bulk materials that does not require equipment
Many bulk cargoes contain dangerous substances or change their properties in transport. Uncorrect loading can cause the ship to break easily. loading the forward hold to its maximum can cause the ship to be bent. This is known as stress. In rough weather, this can cause dangerous problems on the sea. Other cargoes could be impacted by the residuals of other cargoes. Water damage can also have a devastating effects on certain bulk cargoes e.g. cement power. It is hard to determine the cargoes that are loaded or discharged. These factors have serious implications for the operation of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes have an inherent tendency to form a cone when they are loaded if conveyor belts or similar systems aren't closely monitored and controlled. The angle formed by this cone is known as the'angle of repose' and varies for each cargo. Cargoes like iron ore can form a steeply angled cone. However, cargoes that flow freely could create a cone with a shallow angle. Cargoes with low angles or repose can shift during passage. As the cargo nears its completion, bulldozers could have to be employed to distribute the load into holds. Many dry-bulk carriers are dependent on shoreside facilities for discharge and loading of cargo. However, bulk carriers may be able to self-unload using conveyors beneath the cargo holds or on deck.



wekara
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Re: Useful Panamax Bulk Carrier Blog

#3 Beitrag von wekara »

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